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Technologies for environmental observation and modelling are advancing quickly. Integrating such real-time observation and simulation in a web environment is sometimes referred to as a virtual observatory. Many prototypes are currently implemented worldwide. This project explores whether such technology can be useful in a poverty allevation context. Such settings are typically faced with issues of large predictive uncertainties, limited resources, limited local scientific capacity. Therefore, we try to develop prototypes that allow us to work in a bottom-up, interdisciplinary approach.
This project, which runs through 2015, seeks to develop capacity for climate change adaptation in water resources management in Colombia's coffee-growing region and other areas . The project subtitle is “Ríos del páramo al valle, por urbes y campiñas” (rivers from the páramo to the valley, through cities and countryside), reflecting its focus on the role of delicate high-elevation ecosystems in regulating the timing and supply of water in the region. The confluence of ecologic, economic, and social factors defining this region create both the motivation and the conditions necessary for effective climate adaptation, in addition to creating an opportunity to scale up lessons learned to the national scale in Colombia. The project involves building applications of WEAP for the Rio La Vieja and Alto Magdalena watersheds, developed based on insights gained through engagement with stakeholders, as well as capacity-building and work to strengthen local institutions
In the context of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), the project CATCOS aims at improving the capacity for measurements of greenhouse gases, aerosols and glacier mass balances in different regions of the world with data gaps. In close collaboration with regional partners, the glaciological work packages of the project aim at (i) continuing in-situ mass balance measurements at La Conejera (CO) and Antizana 15 Alpa (EC) in combination with (ii) new geodetic surveys of these glaciers, as well as (iii) re-initiating in-situ mass balance measurements at Abramov Glacier (KG).
AndesPlus develops and reviews methods that are feasible for producing scientific bases for climate change adaptation projects in mountain regions. Adaptation to climate change has been recognized as an unavoidable measure, and the number of related projects is strongly increasing. However, the information basis is often very limited. AndesPlus aims at closing the gap between data demand and data availability by providing a guideline for the development of scientific bases. The focus of the project is in the Andes, but several methods should be transferable to other mountain regions.
Aims at the development of a tree-ring based indicator system on climate and environmental change impacts on forest ecosystems in Southern Ecuador. Incl Páramo.
This project is about showing whether BSM are effective. It seeks to quantify the consequences of BSM-driven changes in land and water management for livelihoods in upstream rural communities, and for water supplies for downstream water consumers. It will develop methods to anticipate ex ante the likely consequences of introducing BSM as well as monitoring and measuring these consequences ex post. Finally, it will introduce methods for adaptive management in BSM design and planning, so that new instances of BSM can benefit from lessons already learned – for example, so that BSM design is more likely to result in benefits to the upstream rural poor, and to the environment, as well as for downstream water consumers. -
A dynamical downscaling approach will be used to develop a highly resolved spatial and temporal Climatic Indicator System (hrCIS) to derive ecologically relevant climate change indicators affecting the ecosystems of South Ecuador.This proposal will offer an adequate data management system for the Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Monitoring and Research incl paramo
Although buoyant economic growth in Peru has generated positive macro-economic figures, this evolution has largely bypassed the remote communities in the Andes, where poverty pockets are widely present. The Jequetepeque river basin is a prominent example. While the nearby mines generate more than a quarter of Peru’s gross domestic product, upland farmers struggle with severe erosion, degradation of both soils and vegetation, and loss of land to mining concessions. Erosion also affects the downstream Gallito Ciego reservoir and others, which are essential for irrigation of large-scale coastal agricultural systems and urban water supply. The farmers are under severe pressure to implement land conservation practices, not only to improve their own livelihoods but also to safeguard ecosystem services for downstream users. The tropical Andes are also an important test-bed for payment for ecosystem services. Jequetepeque is one of 4 cases included in the Incubator of Projects for Hydrological Ecosystem Services’ Compensation, promoted by the Environment Ministry, with support from the Swiss Development Cooperation.