Diversity Makes the Difference! Gender Considerations for Promoting an Equitable Access to and Fair Sharing of Benefits Arising from the Utilization of Biodiversity
Equity is a fundamental issue in the conservation of biological diversity. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) calls for building new relations between nations, communities, enterprises, different human groups and natural resources. It, therefore, refers to the need for building new relations based on co-responsibility, justice and equity. Based upon these principles one of the three objectives of the CBD state “the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources”.
In order to achieve the aforementioned objective, there is a need to better understand the interlinkages between societies and biodiversity. This document seeks to contribute to this debate by introducing gender considerations based on the principle that social equity means that the costs and benefits of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity will be equitably shared and evenly distributed. Social equity needs to be addressed within an understanding of intersectionality and how gender, age, ethnicity, race, class, aboriginality, wealth and poverty and geographical location influence and intersect with each other. Furthermore, the understanding and integration of this social complexity and how it interfaces with biodiversity will contribute to the sustainability of diverse human societies and natural environments.